Kashmir Politics

A Chronicle of Important events and dates in J&K's political History

Date/Year Event
21 June 1931 Formation of J&K Muslim Conference by Mir Waiz Yousuf Shah, Sheikh Abdullah, Chowdhury Ghulam Abbas and others.
13 July 1931 (Since then, 13 July is observed as 'Martyrs Day' in J& K) Police firing in Srinagar on agitators led by the late Sheikh Abdulah protesting against the rule of Maharaja resulting in 20 deaths.
January 1932 Launching of Civil Disobedience movement by Muslim Conference.
28 June 1938 J& K Muslim Conference introduces membership for everyone, irrespective of caste, creed or religion.
10 June 1939 Formal conversion of J&K Muslim Conference into "All J&K National Conference" with a secular, democratic and socialist programme under the leadership of Late Sheikh Mohd Abdullah.
1942 J&K JEI founded
3 August 1945 The J&K National Conference adopts 'Naya Kashmir' programme in its annual session at Sopore, Baramulla for the all round economic development of J&K.
9 May 1946 'Quit Kashmir' movement launched by the NC against the rule of Maharaja and for establishing a popular Government in J&K.
20 June 1946 Pt. Nehru arrested at Domail by J&K State police.
18 July 1947 Indian Independence Act passed by the British Parliament.
12 August 1947 The J&K Govt. proposes 'stand still' agreements with India and Pakistan.
14 August 1947 Independence of Pakistan.
15 August 1947 Pakistan Government accepts the proposal of 'stand still' agreement.
20 October 1947 Invasion of J&K by tribal fighters from Pakistan.
23 October 1947 Invasion of J& K by tribal fighters actively aided and abetted by the Pakistan Army.
26 October 1947 Signing of the "Instrument of Accession" by the Maharaja thereby integrating the State of J&K into the Indian Union.
27 October 1947 Instrument of Accession accepted by the Governor General (Subjects proposed for transfer included Defence, External Affairs, Communications and Ancillary items).
27 October 1947 Lord Mountbatten addresses the Maharaja stating that the question of accession should be settled by reference to the people as soon as the state is cleared of all invaders.
27 October 1947 Indian troops land in Kashmir.
30 October 1947 Maharaja Hari Singh appoints Sheikh Abdullah as the Emergency Administrator for the State.
1 January 1948 India refers the Kashmir issue to the UN Security Council.
17 January 1948 India and Pakistan called upon to take measures to improve the situation and to inform about any significant change in it.
20 January 1948 U.N. Commission for India and Pakistan (UNCIP) set up.
5 March 1948 The Maharaja issued a proclamation replacing the Emergency Administration by a popular interim Government headed by Sheikh Abdullah.
21 April 1948 The Security Council passed a resolution providing for mediation by a 5-member UN Commission for India and Pakistan. (UNCIP)
13 August 1948 The UNCIP passed a resolution providing for (1) Ceasefire (2) Withdrawal of Pak troops and tribals followed by Indian troops and (3) Plebiscite
11 December 1948 UNCIP appointed Plebiscite Administrator.
1 January 1949 Ceasefire proclaimed under the UN auspices.
J5 anuary 1949 The UNCIP is called by Pakistan to pass a resolution providing a Plebiscite Administrator for J&K. Admn. Nimitz nominated as Plebiscite Administrator. However, he could not succeed in getting the UN resolution implemented particularly resolution No.2 viz. withdrawal of Pak troops.
20 June 1949 Maharaja Hari Singh issued a proclamation abdicating in favour of his son, Yuvraj Karan Singh.
26 January 1950 The Constitution of India comes into effect - Article 1, under which the entire state of J&K was a part of the territory of India and Article 370, giving a special status to the State were applied to J&K.
26 January 1950 The Constitution (Application to J&K) order 1950 issued under Article 370. This order applied 39 entries of the Union list to J&K corresponding to the terms of the 'instrument of Accession' and enumerated the related provisions of the Constitution which would apply to J&K with or without modifications.
1950 Sir Owen Dixon appointed as the first UN Representative, visited India and Pakistan in May-June 1950. He suggested a process of de-militarisation popularly known as 'Dixon Plan'.
27 October 1950 All J&K National Conference passed a resolution for convening a Constituent Assembly based on adult suffrage for the purpose, inter alia, of determinging the future shape and & affiliation of the state of J&K including the issue of accession to India and & to frame a Constitution for the State.
April 1951 The Security Council appoints another representative (Dr. Graham) to resolve the issue within 3 months.
1 May 1951 Yuvraj Karan Singh in whose favour, the Maharaja had earlier abdicated, issued proclamation for forming a Constituent Assembly in J&K.
August-September, 1951 Elections for the Constituent Assembly held and assembly formed. All 75 seats won by the National Conference. The Praja Parishad, a Jammu based political party demanding complete accession to India boycotted the election.
31 October 1951 First sitting of Constituent Assembly held.
24 July 1952 Kashmiri leaders (NC) discussed Centre/State relations with the Central Government and arrived at an arrangement known as the 'Delhi Agreement'.
November 1952 Election for the Constituent Assembly held for framing the Constitution of J&K. All 75 seats won by the NC.
19 June 1953 Formation of pro-Pak Kashmir Political Conference (now defunct) by Ghulam Mohi-ud-Din Karra, who resigned from the NC.
8 August 1953 Sheikh Abdullah, Prime Minister of J&K is dismissed by the Sadr-e-Riyasat and Bakshi Ghulam Mohd. appointed in his place.
9 August 1953 Sheikh Abdullah arrested under PSA.
6 February 1954 The Constituent Assembly ratified J&K's accession to India.
14 May 1954 The recommendations of the Constituent Assembly were duly incorporated in the Indian constitution through a Presidential order.
9 August 1955 Plebiscite Front formed by Mirza Afzal Beg.
29 September 1956 The Constitution Drafting Committee presents a draft to the Constituent Assembly.
17 November 1956 J&K Constitution adopted by the State Constituent Assembly.
26 January 1957 Constituent Assembly dissolved and the J&K Constitution came into effect.
5-7 March 1957 First election to the J&K Legislative Assembly held (NC bagged 68 out of 75 seats).
14 March - 11 April 1957 Gunnar Jarring of Sweden appointed as the UN mediator on the 'Kashmir issue'. He visited India and Pakistan.
26 February 1958 Jurisdiction of the C&AG extended to the State.
26 February 1958 Provisions relating to the All India Services applied to the State.
21 May, 1958 Kashmir conspiracy case launched against Sheikh Abdullah and other PF leaders.
1959 State Assembly unanimously decided to seek amendment of the State constitution to provide for the extention of the jurisdiction of the Election Commission of India and the Supreme Court over the J&K State.
20 January 1960 Provisions relating to appeal to Supreme Court by special leave extended to the state.
20 January 1960 Election Commission's jurisdiction extended over the State elections.
17-18 February 1962 Second General elections in J&K held (NC got 70 seats). 65% voters cast their ballot.
April 1962 Maulvi Mohd. Farooq took over as the Mirwaiz of J&K State with the support of Bakshi Ghulam Mohd., the then Prime Minister of J&K.
October 1963 Bakshi Ghulam Mohd. resigned under the 'Kamraj Plan' and Shams-ud-Din took over as the Prime Minster.
27 December 1963 The Holy relic is stolen from Hazratbal shrine, Srinagar. Massive anti-India agitation started by an Action Committee under the leadership of Maulvi Farooq.
January 1964 Jammu & Kashmir National Liberation Front, military wing of Pak/PoK based J&K Plebiscite Front floated to launch an armed struggle for an independent and unified Kashmir.
February 1964 Shams-ud-Din replaced by G.M. Sadiq as the Prime Minister.
April 1964 The "Kashmir Conspiracy Case" against Sheikh Abdullah and others withdrawn by the Sadiq government unconditionally. Sheikh Abdullah released.
22 June 1964 Maulvi Farooq announced the formation of pro-Pak Awami Action Committee.
21 December 1964 Article 356 applied - President's Rule can be imposed in the event of the failure of State constitution.
26 January 1965 J&K Prime Minister, Ghulam Mohd. Sadiq announced the formation of Congress Party in J&K.
10 April 1965 The nomenclature of Sadar-e-Riyasat and Wazir-e- Azam changed to Governor and Chief Minister in the State Constitution.
8 May 1965 Sheikh Abdullah externed from the State.
6 June 1965 Formal merger of the NC with Congress.
1965 Sixth Amendment of the J&K Constitution provided for the substitution of Sadr-e-Riyasat by Governor and of the Prime Minister by Chief Minister.
7 August- 5 September 1965 Pakistani armed infiltrators launched strikes against governemnt installations, Indian Army, police and civilians.
6 September 1965 Pakistani attack on J&K and its repulsion by the Indian Army.
10 January 1966 India and Pakistan signed the 'Tashkent Declaration'.
5-6 March 1967 Third Assembly elections held. Congress secured 61 seats followed by the NC (Bakshi) with 8 seats. 59% voters cast their ballot.
October 1968 The Plebisite Front held State Peoples' Convention to demonstrate that the Kashmir issue was still alive.
January 1970 First significant Pak sponsored organised terrorist outfit 'Al Fateh' floated.
30 January 1971 Hijacking of Indian Airlines plane by Kashmiri Muslim terrorists.
3 December 1971 Pakistan launched full scale war along the J&K border.
12 December 1971 Demise of G.M. Sadiq, Chief Minister. Syed Mir Qasim sworn as the CM.
5 February 1972 Landmark statement of M.A. Beg, President of Plebiscite Front calling for the solution of Kashmir problem within the framework of the Indian constitution.
8 February 1972 Fourth Legislative Assembly elections held. Congress secured 58 seats. J&K Jamaat-e-Islami, contesting elections for the first time, won 5 seats. 62% voters cast their ballot.
3 July 1972 'Simla Agreement' was signed by the Prime Ministers of India and Pakistan agreeing to mutually and bilaterally solve all outstanding disputes through talks. Agreement supercedes all previous pronouncements on Kashmir. Ceasefire line converted into the Line of Control (LOC).
13 November 1974 Kashmir accord signed between Sheikh Abdullah and Mrs. Indira Gandhi (Beg-Parthasarthy Accord).
24 February 1975 The Indian Prime Minister said 'Clock can't be put back'. On behalf of the Kashmiri leadership the NC reiterated that the accession of the State of J&K is not an issue anymore.
25 February 1975 Sheikh Abdullah took over as the Chief Minister with the support of Congress.
12 September 1976 Delhi-Jaipur bound Indian Airlines aircraft hijacked to Lahore by JKLF activists, Hamid Diwani (died in 1993), Mohd. Rafiq, Abdul Rashid Malik, Mohd. Ahsan Pathan, Gh. Nabi Bhatt and Gh. Rasool Shaheen.
16 March 1977 Congress-I withdrew support to the Sheikh Abdullah government.
17 March 1977 Governor's rule imposed in J&K.
May 1977 J&K Mahaz-e-Azadi, a pro-independence organisation, formed by Sofi Mohd Akbar.
3 July 1977 Fifth Assembly elections held. National Conference secured 44 seats, followed by the Janta Party with 13 seats and Congress-I with 11 seats. 67% voters cast their ballot.
9 July 1977 Sheikh Abdullah sworn as the Chief Minister with a massive mandate.
September 1977 J&K Islamic Jamaat-e-Tulba, a fundamentalist pro-Pak body, formed.
June 1979 J&K People's Conference formed by A.G.Lone.
November 1981 J&K Panther's Party formed by Bhim Singh.
8 September 1982 Sheikh Abdullah dies and Dr. Farooq Abdullah sworn in as the new CM.
6 June 1983 Sixth J&K Assembly elections held. NC secured 46 seats followed by the Congress-I with 26 seats. 73.4% voters cast their ballots.
12 June 1983 Dr. Farooq Abdullah forms the new government.
11 February 1984 Execution of Mohd. Maqbool Butt, JKLF founder
2 July 1984 Dr. Farooq Abdullah dismissed, G.M. Shah sworn in as CM, National Conference (Khalida) formed.
6 July 1984 Indian Airlines aircraft to Delhi hijacked from Srinagar to Lahore by AISSF.
May 1985 NC (Khalida) renamed as Awami National Conference.
20-25 February 1986 Unprecedented communal disturbances in the Kashmir Valley.
7 March 1986 G.M. Shah dismissed and Governor's rule imposed.
30 July 1986 Article 249 - power of Parliament to enact laws on State list subjects in national interest applied to J&K.
August 1986 Formation of Muslim United Front (comprising JEI, People's Conference, Umat-e-Islamia and Ittehad-ul- Musalmeen.
6 September 1986 President's rule imposed.
6-7 November 1986 Coalition government (Cong-I/NCF) formed following Rajiv Gandhi-Farooq Abdullah accord.
23 March 1987 Seventh State Assembly elections held. NC secured 40 seats followed by Congress-I with 26 seats. Muslim United Front secured 4 seats. 75% voters cast their ballots.
25 March 1987 NC(F)-Congress-I coalition government formed.
11 April 1988 Explosion in an ammunition dump at Objeri (Pak) followed by violent incidents in Valley.
11 June 1988 Expulsion of JEI and 4 MUF MLAs from the MUF leading to a split in the forum.
9-14 June 1988 Violent agitation over increase in power tariff.
17 August 1988 Death of Gen. Zia-ul-Haq sparks anti-India demonstrations.
11-12 September 1988 First batch of Pak trained youths arrested.
18 September 1988 Death of Aijaz Dar (first Pak trained militant killed in encounter).
13 January 1989 Unprecedented Hindu-Sikh riots in Jammu city on the birthday of Guru Gobind Singh.
16 January 1989 Formation of J&K Muslim Conference.
14 March 1989 Formation of J&K-Democratic Movement Forum by AR Kabuli.
11-14 May 1989 Quit Kashmir Movement launched by JKLF.
12 July 1989 Release of 72 subversive elements by the State government as a goodwill gesture.
13 July 1989 Killing of 3 CRPF personnel in Srinagar in the first organised attack on para-military forces.
7 August 1989 Killing of Mohd. Yusuf Halwai, Block President NC/F, the first political killing.
28 September 1989 Shabir Shah, PL leader, arrested at Ramban, Jammu.
8 December 1989 Abduction of Rubaiya Sayeed, d/o Mufti Mohd Sayeed, the then Union Home Minister, in Srinagar.
13 December 1989 Release of Dr. Rubaiya Sayeed in exchange of 5 hardcore JKLF militants.
19 January 1990 Jagmohan takes over as the Governor.
19 January 1990 The Farooq Abdullah government resigns.
20 January 1990 Imposition of Governor's rule.
5 February 1990 Attempt by a mob of Pak nationals to violate the international border at Suchetgarh, Jammu.
11 February 1990 Violation of the LoC by a Pakistani mob at Uri (Baramulla).
19 February 1990 Dissolution of the State Assembly.
February-April 1990 Secessionist leaders S.A.S. Gillani, A.G. Lone, Prof. Abdul Ghani, Maulvi Abbas Ansari, Qazi Nissar arrested.
28 March 1990 Another attempt by a Pak mob to cross the border at Keran (Kupwara).
21 May 1990 Assassination of Mirwaiz Maulvi Farooq by 'Flizb-ul-Mujahideen' militants.
25 May 1990 Jagmohan resigns as Governor, G.C. Saxena takes over.
27 May 1990 Memorandum by 137 senior state officers to the international fora pleading for intervention in Kashmir.
29 May 1990 Memorandum by senior IAS officers to the Governor expressing dissent over the handling of the situation.
18-19 July 1990 First round of Secretary level Indo-Pak talks in Pakistan.
19 July 1990 Imposition of President's rule in J&K State.
23-25 July 1990 Militant outfits sponsored 3-day strike by Muslim State government employees in the Kashmir Valley.
6 August 1990 Yasin Malik, Commander-in-Chief, JKLF and other top JKLF militant leader, arrested at Srinagar.
9-10 August 1990 Second round of Indo-Pak talks at New Delhi.
15 September- 25 November 1990 Militant outfits sponsored 72 day strike by State government employees in the Kashmir Valley.
18-20 December 1990 Third round of Indo-Pak talks.
January 1991 Prime Minister Chandra Shekhar offered talks with militants/secessionists to resolve the Kashmir issue.
19 February 1991 HuM/J&K JEI's acceptance of PM's offer for talks, but with conditions.
13-14 July 1991 International Conference on Kashmir at Washington by 'World Kashmir Freedom Movement' (pro-JEI).
9 August 1991 British Labour MP, and Shadow Foreign Minister, Gerald Kaufman visited J&K.
19 August 1991 5th round of Indo-Pak Secretary-level talks.
12 November 1991 An all party meet in Delhi to solve the J&K problem.
24 January 1992 Explosion at J&K Police Headquarters in Srinagar, causing serious injuries to the DGP and other SF/ Police personnel.
26 January 1992 Unfurling of the National Flag in Srinagar by the BJP marking the conclusion of 'Ekta Yatra'.
1 April 1992 Release of 5 detained leaders namely SAS Gillani, Dr. Qazi Nissar, AG Lone, Prof. Abdul Gani Butt and Maulana Abbas Ansari.
August 1992 6th round of Indo-Pak Secretary-level talks.
27-28 October 1992 Visit of All party parliamentry delegation to the Kashmir Valley.
7 November 1992 Conclave of former J&K legislators at Delhi.
27-28 December 1992 Decision to form KJHC at a meeting of secessionist overground parties.
6 January 1993 Major encounter/arson at Sopore.
2-3 March 1993 Two close relations of PCCI Chief G.R. Kar, killed by militants to sabotage any effort aimed at initiating the political process. A close relation of Union Minister, Ghulam Nabi Azad was also shot at.
12 March 1993 Gen. K.V. Krishna Rao took over as the Governor J&K.
14-15 March 1993 JEI leader, SAS Gillani abducted by JKLF militants.
1 April 1993 Dr. Abdul Ahad Guru, senior JKLF leader kidnapped and killed by HuM militants.
24 April 1993 Indian Airlines aircraft bound for Srinagar via Jammu from Delhi hijacked by HuM activists, Obaidullah. He wanted to take the plane to Lahore but was refused by Pak Aviation authorities. Resulted in the landing of the plane at Amritsar where the hijacker was killed.
22-27 April 1993 J&K policemen observed strike over the killing of constable Riaz Ahmed of JKAP during an Army search operation. The striking policemen held demonstrations raising anti-India/pro-Azadi slogans. Army disarmed the striking cops to end the strike.
7 May 1993 Prof. Abdul Gani (Muslim Conference), SAS Gillani (J&K JEI), Maulvi Abbas Ansari (KLC) and Mian Abdul Qayum (TEHK) prevented from leaving the country to attend the ISI sponsored meeting at Jeddah (KSA).
19 May 1993 John Malott, US State Department official, during his visit to Delhi, asserted that Kashmiris were an essential party to the Kashmir dispute. Robin Raphael, Assistant Secretary visited the Kashmir Valley and interacted with cross-section of secessionist and militant leaders.
24-28 May 1993 Assistant Secretary visited the Kashmir Valley and interacted with cross-section of secessionist and militant leaders.
19-25 August 1993 Five member delegation of the International Commission of Jurists visited the State, met government functionaries and political leaders.
September 1993 Launching of KJHC formally announced from the Hazratbal shrine.
21-22 September 1993 Maqdoomi Sahib mosque set ablaze by militants.
September 1993 US President's passing reference to the Kashmir 'dispute' in UN General Assembly.
15 October - 17 November 1993 Occupation of Hazratbal shrine by armed militants forcing the SF to lay siege around the shrine.
22 October 1993 Death of 39 persons in SF firing at Bijbehara, Anantnag.
October 1993 Ms. Robin Raphael's disputes the accession of J&K State to India.
17 November 1993 Surrender by militants after one month occupation of the Hazratbal shrine.
1-3 January 1994 7th round of Indo-Pak Secretary-level talks.
5 January 1994 Prince James Michael, US official visited the Valley.
5-6 January 1994 A group of US nationals including one Senator visited the Kashmir Valley.
6-7 January 1994 Michael Mecher, British Shadow Minister for Citizens Rights visited the Valley and Jammu.
9 January 1994 Mig Medarmott (US Congress member) accompanied by Miss Marcia Bamicatt, 1st Secretary, US Embassy and Charles Michael William, Chief of the Staff, visited the valley.
7-9 February 1994 Envoys of Greece, Belgium, Germany and European community in New Delhi visited J&K.
15 February 1994 British diplomats Parham Philip John, First Secretary and F. David visited Srinagar.
7-10 March 1994 Ambassadors of 10 countries i.e. Mexico, Nigeria, Senegal, Canada, Columbia, Hungary, Indonesia, Turkey and Venenzuella visited J&K State.
11-16 March 1994 US Embassy official Marcia Bemicatt and Flint Larbrant visited Sriangar.
25-26 March 1994 Dr. Jack Cunningham, British Shadow Foreign Minister and 2 British diplomats visited Jammu/ Kashmir Valley.
21-29 March 1994 Four member team of International Red Cross visited J&K State.
29 March 1994 Blast in Badami Bagh Cantonment killing 13 Army officers including a Major General.
4 April 1994 Four-member US delegation including 3 senators visited Kashmir Valley.
11-14 April 1994 Visit of a delegation of KJHC to Delhi to consult politicians/intellectuals of different hues with regard to finding a peaceful solution to the Kashmir issue.
27-30 April 1994 Ambassadors of Brazil, Peru, Argentina, Tunisia, Kuwait, Oman, Kazakhstan, Jordan, Morocco, Egypt and Iran visited Srinagar.
17 May 1994 Release of Yasin Malik, JKLF leader.
June 1994 The First visit of 4-Member delegtion of National Human Rights Commission.
22 February 1994 The unanimous resolution adopted by the Lok Sabha with regard to J&K firmly declares that (a) the state of J & K has been, is and shall be an integral part of India and any attempts to separate it from the rest of the country will be resisted by all necessary means (b) India has the will and capacity to firmly counter all designs against its unity, sovereignty and territorial integrity (c)India demands that Pakistan must vacate the areas of the Indian state of J & K which it has occupied through aggression and resolve that - (d) all attemps to interfere in the internal affairs of India will be met resolutely.
19 July 1994 The conference on Kashmir organised under the auspices of "All Party British Parliamentary Kashmir Group"in London.
19 July 1994 Killing of Stephen Paul Oesterly, an American National at Srinagar by Sher Khan of 'Al-Jehad'.
28-31 July 1994 Dharna by Yasin Malik and his supporters inside the Hazratbal Shrine demanding the lifting of 'sieze' around Hazratbal.
6 August 1994 Removal of SF bunker from Hazratbal area.
21-23 August 1994 Visit of a 4-member German delegation comprising of Gerhart R. Baum (MP and Former Interior Minister), Mrs. Lissaman, Dr. Axer and Bon Stenglin.
25-28 August 1994 Visit of Ms. Marcia Bemicat (First Secretary, US Embassy) and Timothy Buch, Second Secretary.
21 September 1994 Directive by the Chief Election Commissioner to revise electoral rolls.
14 October 1994 Release of Shabir Shah, People's League leader.
29 September- 20 October 1994 Abduction of three Britishers and one US citizen from Delhi by HUA militants. They were later rescued on 1 November.
31 October - 2 November 1994 The meeting of Central Working Committe of the National Conference after 5 years.
16-17 November 1994 Visit of Gary Ackerman, Member of the US Congress to J&K.
13 December 1994 - 9 February 1995 Visit of Maulvi Umar Farooq and Maulana Abbas Ansari to Morocco to attend the Oorganisation of Islamic Conference (OIC) summit at Casablanca. They also visited Saudi Arabia and the United Kingdom.
18-20 December 1994 Visit of All India Muslim Majlis-e-Mushawarat leaders to Srinagar.
5 January 1995 Return of Mohd. Altaf Khan alias Azam Inquilabi, Chairman, Mahaz-e-Azadi to the Valley.
26 January 1995 Blasts during Republic Day function at MAM Stadium, Jammu.
8 March 1995 Deployment of Special Forces around the Charar-e- Sharief town.
March 1995 Shabir Shah rejoins the Hurriyat Conference.
23 March 1995 Participation of Hurriyat leaders in the 'Pakistan Day' celebrations at Pak Embassy in Delhi.
18-19 April 1995 Visit of Timothy Buch, Second Secretary, US Embassy to Srinagar.
19 April 1995 Departure of S.A.S. Gillani on Haj Pilgrimage to Saudi Arabia.
27 April 1995 Notification issued by the J&K Delimitation Commission increasing the number of Legislative Assembly seats from 76 to 87.
8-9 May 1995 Burning of over 250 houses in Charar-e- Sharief town.
9 May 1995 Ladakh Autonomus Hill Development Councils act providing for separate district council in Leh and Kargil passed.
10-11 May 1995 Burning of Charar-e-Sharief shrine and the complete township.
11-12 May 1995 Visit of British High Commissioner Nicholas Fenn to Leh.
10 May 1995 'Mecca declaration' by expatriate seccessionist leaders.
25 May 1995 Release of Javed Ahmed Mir alias Nalqa, a JKLF leader.
2-5 June 1995 Visit of Nancy Powel and Timothi Butch, US diplomats to J&K.
6-8 June 1995 Visit of 3 German MPs.
24-27 June 1995 Visit of US Ambassador to J&K.
4-8 July 1995 Kidnapping of 6 Western tourists near Pahalgam, district Anantnag by 'Al Faran' militants. One US national escaped (9 July), while the decapitated body of one Norwegian national recovered (13 August) near Aishmuqam, Anantnag.
11 August 1995 Yasin Malik, who had boycotted the Hurriyat Conference since 6 August 1994, rejoins it.
27 August 1995 Congress(I) rally at Chandoosa, district Baramulla, the first ever impressive rally by any mainstream party since the beginning of militancy.
28 August 1995 Elections to the Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council (LAHDC) for Leh district.
3 September 1995 Constitution of the LAHDC with taking of oath by the newly elected/nominated members.
4 November 1995 Former PM (P.V. Narshimha Rao) made a statement regarding Jammu and Kashmir. Main aspects of the statement: (i) J&K is an intetgral part of India; (ii) Article 370 will not be abrogated; (iii) Autonomy of the state shall be strengthened within the parameters of the Indian constitution, keeping in view the aspirations of the people and with reference to all the regions of the state; (iv) Government wants to end Presidents' Rule and establish a popular government in the state through free and fair elections; (v) For any proposal made by the State government to change any central law made after 1953 on the matters in the Concurrent List, the grant of assent to the Bill will be sympathetically considered; (vi) If the state lagislature amends the state constitution to provide for the title 'Wazir-e- Azam' and 'Sadar-e-Riyasat', there would be no objection, and (vii) A time bound revival of the State's economy is an urgent necessity.
5-10 January 1996 Peace March' by PCC(I) J&K.
10 January 1996 A day-long convention by the NC (Youth Wing) at Srinagar.
January 1996 United Jehad Council reconstituted in Pakistan.
12 January 1996 Bandh call given by KJHC to protest against the killing of Sajjad Kenoo.
13-15 January 1996 Gary Ackerman accompanied by Allan Eastham, councillor (political), US Embassy in India visited J&K.
25 January 1996 Arjun Singh, working president of the Congress (I) visited J&K.
8 February 1996 Forum for Permanent Resolution(FPR) in J&K formed by four militants leaders.
18 February 1996 Ban on the JKLF under Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act.
15 March 1996 Four FPR leaders namely Firdos Ahmad Baba alias Babar Badar, Bilal Lodhi, Imran Rahi and Ghulam Mohiuddin Lone met the Union Home Minister.
23 March 1996 17 representatives of the KJHC including Umar Farooq, S.A.S. Gillani attended 'Pak Day' celebration at the Pak High Commission, New Delhi.
24-30 March 1996 Armed militants entered the Hazratbal shrine and later vacated peacefully. Encounter with the police resulted in the death of 32 militants and one police personnel.
29 March & 4 April 1996 Notification to hold Lok Sabha elections issued by the Election Commission.
17, 23 & 30 May & 1996 Lok Sabha elections held. Congress(I) won 4 seats while BJP and JAD secured 1 each. The NC did not participate in the election. Voters turn-out was 83 per cent.
8-12 June 1996 M.H. Khusamadi, Councillor and Abul Fazal Zarei, Second Secretary, Iranian Embassy in New Delhi visited Srinagar.
6 July 1996 Prime Minister visited Srinagar.
10-11 August 1996 Central Executive Committee of the NCF decided to participate in Assembly elections.
29 July - 3 August 1996 Frank Wisner, US Ambassador to India visited J&K.
5-6 August 1996 Senator Hank Brown visited J&K.
14, 23, 27 August and 6 September 1996 Notifications by the Election Commission issued for Assembly elections in J&K in 4 phases.
7-30 September 1996 Assembly elections held. The NCF won 59 seats followed by BJP-8, Congress(I)-7, JD-5, BSF-4, Congress(Tiwari)-1, Awami League-1, CPM-1 and Panthers Party-1.
18 September 1996 Ban on Harkat-ul-Ansar(HUA) and Hizbul-Mujahideen (HuM) under Section 3(IIIA) J&K Criminal Law Amendment Act.
9 October 1996 Farooq Abdullah government formed.
13 November 1996 Regional and Sub-regional Committee on autonomy within the state with Balraj Puri (People's Union for Civil Liberties) as the working Chairman constituted. The Chief Minister chaired the Committee.
13 November 1996 Committee of Financial experts with Madhav Godbole (former Union Home Secretary) to examine the state's financial condition constituted.
26 November 1996 A 8-member Committee with Dr. Karan Singh as Chairman constituted to recommend measures for the restoration of internal autonomy to the State.
10-12 December 1996 72-hour relay hunger strike in Delhi by KJHC leaders to draw the attention of the UN Human Right Commission towards alleged atrocities on Kashmiris. KJHC leader, Yasin Malik sat on a 72 hours fast to draw the attention of the UNHRC.
30 December 1996 The committee on Internal Autonomy chaired by Dr. Karan Singh decided to examine and recommend measures for the restoration of internal autonomy to the state, consistent with the Instrument of Accession, the Constitution Application Order 1950 and the Delhi Agreement of 1952.
12-13 February 1997 Prime Minister visited Srinagar, Uri, Jammu and Udhampur.
18-20 February 1997 Frank Wisner, U.S. Ambassador in India visited Srinagar and Jammu.
20 February 1997 A British High Commission Staffer in Delhi arranged a meeting between James Watt (British Deputy High Commissioner in Islamabad) with Firdous Asmi at the Kashmir Awareness Bureau in New Delhi.
15 March 1997 Prime Minister visited Udhampur.
23-27 March 1997 OIC Contact group met in Islamabad.
23 & 28 March 1997 Meetings in Delhi of Hurriyat leaders with the Pak High Commissioner.
29 March 1997 The Pakistan Foreign Secretary met Hurriyat Conference leaders in Delhi.
30 March 1997 Eighth round of Indo-Pak Secretary-level talks in Delhi.
6-7 April 1997 Hurriyat leaders met the Pak Foreign Minister in Delhi.
8 April 1997 Iranian Diplomats met Hurriyat leaders in New Delhi.
12-13 April 1997 President of India visited Jammu and Vaishno Devi.
27 April 1997 Prime Minister visited Jammu on the occasion of Jammu University's Eigth Convention.
30 April 1997 Human Rights Commission Act passed by the J&K State Assembly.
10-11 May 1997 Frank Wisner, US Ambassdor visited Jammu.
11-14 May 1997 British Diplomats Robert Marshal and Sarah Tiffin (First Secretary, Chancery) visited Srinagar.
17-24 May 1997 Observance of 'Shoda-e-Kashmif week commemorating the death Anniversary of Moulvi Farooq.
19-23 June 1997 Ninth round of Indo-Pak Secretary-level talks in Islamabad.
26-27 July 1997 Prime Minister visited Baramulla to lay the foundation for a railway line at Qazi Gund.
6 August 1997 Resignation of Dr. Karan Singh from the Chairmanship of the committee on Autonomy stating personal grounds.
8 August 1997 Constitution of a 5 member State Human Rights Commission announced.
20-21 August 1997 Prime Minister visited Srinagar on the occassion of 12th WHIPS Conference.
August, 1997 Formation of J&K Solidarity Forum in Pok at the instance of Pakistan's ISI.
15-18 September 1997 10th round of Indo-Pak Foreign Secretary-level talks in Delhi.
October 1997 OIC Contact group meetings in New York.
8 Octobe 1997 HUA declared a terrorist organisation by the US.
8 April 1997 Iranian Diplomats met Hurriyat leaders in New Delhi.
12-13 April 1997 President of India visited Jammu and Vaishno Devi.
27 April 1997 Prime Minister visited Jammu on the occasion of Jammu University's Eigth Convention.
30 April 1997 Human Rights Commission Act passed by the J&K State Assembly.
10-11 May 1997 Frank Wisner, US Ambassdor visited Jammu.
11-14 May 1997 British Diplomats Robert Marshal and Sarah Tiffin (First Secretary, Chancery) visited Srinagar.
17-24 May 1997 Observance of 'Shoda-e-Kashmir' week commemorating the death Anniversary of Moulvi Farooq.
19-23 June 1997 Ninth round of Indo-Pak Secretary-level talks in Islamabad.
26-27 July 1997 Prime Minister visited Baramulla to lay the foundation of a railway line at Qazi Gund.
6 August 1997 Resignation of Dr. Karan Singh from the Chairmanship of the committee on Autonomy stating personal grounds.
8 August 1997 Constitution of a 5 member State Human Right Commission announced.
20-21 August 1997 Prime Minister's visit on the occassion of 12th WHIPS Conference at Srinagar.
August 1997 Formation of J&K Solidarity Forum in Pok at the instance of Pakistan's ISI.
15-18 September 1997 10th round of Indo-Pak Foreign Secretary-level talks in Delhi.
October 1997 OIC Contact group meetings in New York.
8 October 1997 HUA declared a terrorist organisation by the US.
19 October 1997 First ever meet on Industries organised by the Chamber of Commerce (ICC) at Srinagar.
20 October 1997 23rd meet of North Zonal Council at SKICC, Srinagar.
15 November 1997 President of India visited Srinagar on the occasion of 15th annual convention of Kashmir University at SKICC, Srinagar.
9-11 December 1997 OIC Contact group meeting in Tehran.
28 January 1998 Prime Minister visited Srinagar to inaugurate the National Winter Sports Meet.
17 February 1998 Ban on JKLF extended.
15-18 March 1998 Meetings of Foreign Minister of OIC at Doha (Qatar).
24 April 1998 S.A.S Geelani takes over as the Chairman of APHC.
April-May 1998 Several instances of targetted attacks on Hindus including Hindu Village Defence Committee members and SFs in the Jammu region particularly in Rajouri, Poonch and Udhampur districts, to communalise the situation.
11 & 13 May 1998 Nuclear test conducted by India
28 & 30 May 1998 Nuclear test conducted by Pakistan
June 1998 Significant increase in border firings from the Pakistani side near LOC.
19 June 1998 Killing of 25 Hindus of a marriage party at village Chapnari, Doda by HuM/ LET militants.
7-8 May 1998 Hurriyat leaders, Mauivi umar Farooq, Yasin Malik,Prof. Abdul Ghani Bhat, met diplomats of U.K., Pakistan, the US and Iran apprising them of alleged human rights violation in J&K.
11 & 13 May 1998. Nuclear test conducted by India.
25 May 1998. Shabbir Shah launched a new political party.
June 1998. Significant increase in border firings from the Pakistan side near LOC.
19 June 1998. Killing of 25 Hindus attending a marriage at village Chapnari, Doda by HM/LET militants.
29 July 1998. Indo-Pak talks on the eve of Colombo summit.
5 August 1998. Three splinter groups of PL led by Nayeem Khan, Abdul Aziz Sheikh and Late S. Hameed merged together to form All J&K Peoples League.
8 September 1998. Umar Farooq, Yasin Malik, Prof. Abdul Ghani Bhat jointly and Shabbir Shah independently met the Canadian High Commissioner to India in Srinagar.
11-12 September 1998. Michael Krepon, an expert on South Asian affairs, along with Neubill visited Srinagar.
6-8 October 1998. A 7 member delegation of foreign diplomats including Ambassadors of Germany, Austria and Finland visited Srinagar to assess the ground situation.
7-9 October 1998. A 3-member Iranian delegation visited Kashmir and met shia leaders including Aga Syed Mehdi and Mauivi Iftikar Hussain Ansari.
20-21 October 1998. Richard F. Celeste, US Ambassador to India, visited Kashmir and nbsp; interacted with journalists, politicians, government officials and secessionist leaders.
23-26 November 1998 Lord Avebury, British parliamentarian and chairman 'Kashmir Watch' and friends visited J&K to assess the ground situation.
29 October - 2 November 1998. A 3 member Iranian delegation comprising A. Khushandi (in charge, Kashmir Affairs in the External Affairs Department of Govt. of Iran), Maran F Paur, visited the Kashmir valley.
23 November 1998 Maulvi Umar Farooq who returned from a tour of US and Saudi Arabia addressed the Hurriyat executive committee and his AAC & Party.
6-7 December 1998 Prime minister of India visited Jammu & Kashmir including Leh, & Kargil and addressed public meetings.
20-21 February 1999. Prime minister of India visited Lahore and the bus service between Delhi and Lahore was established. His visit, however, evoked mixed reactions in the state.
3 May 1999 7 Pakistani infiltrators were sighted at Yaldonullah (Batalic-Kargil) by 3 Punjab Battalion of the Indian Army.
4 May 1999. Indian Army launched operation to recapture their own seasonal posts which were earlier occupied by Pak infiltrators.
6 May 1999 Indian army launched operations to evict the Pak infiltrators
9 May 1999 First encounter took place between the Indian Army and Pakistani intruders in Batalik sector.
12 May 1999 The Indian Defence Minister, George Femandes, visited Thoise (Leh).
26 May 1999 Indian Air Force launched air strikes in Kargil area and with it, Operation 'Vijay' started.
27 May 1999 One MiG of the IAF was shot down by Pakistani intruders and another fell down due to a technical snag.
28 May 1999 One helicopter of the IAF was also shot down by the Pakistani intruders.
4 June 1999. In a communique, the US President advised the Pakistani PM, Nawaz Sharif, to respect the sanctity of the LoC.
12 June 1999. Pakistan Foreign minister Sartaj Aziz visited India.
23 June 1999. Senior U.S. Army officer, Zinni, visited Islamabad with the message of the U.S. President.
27 June 1999. Pakistani PM visited China.
3 July 1999. Pakistani PM visited the US to hold talks with the US President.
4 July 1999. An agreement was reached between Nawaz Sharif, Pak PM, and the US President, Bill Clinton at Washington. A joint statement was issued by them for the withdrawal of the Pakistani intruders.
11 July 1999. A meeting between DGMI (India) and DGMO (Pakistan) was held at Attari and 16 July 1999 was fixed for the final withdrawal of Pakistani intruders. Air strikes by the IAF was also suspended.
16 July 1999. The Indian government gave Pakistani intruders one day more till 17 July to completely clear off the occupied Indian territory in the Kargil sector.
26 July 1999. Commander of the 15 Corps, Srinagar, Lt. Gen. Kishan Pal announced the complete eviction of Pakistani intruders.
1 August 1999. Christopher Cooler, First Secretary, Canadian High Commission, New Delhi, visited Srinagar on 1 August 1999.
1-15 October 1999 Michael Herbert Krepon, Head of the Stimson center, a US based NGO visited the valley. He advised the KJHC leadership to abandon the demand for 'Ajadi'.
25-27 October 1999 A 6-member European Union delegation comprising diplomats from France, Portugal, Finland and Germany visited Srinagar to assess the ground situation in J&K.
24-31 December 1999 Delhi bound Indian Airlines Aircraft IC-814 was hijacked from Kathmandu to Kandhar by the HUA activists. After a week long negotiations with the Government of India, three terrorists namely Maulana Masood Azhar, Syed Umar sheikh and Mushtaq Latram Jerger were released in exchange of the hijacked hostages.
31 January 2000 42 day strike by the state government employees was called off.
5-8 February 2000. A 4-member team of Iranian journalists visited J&K.
18-22 February 2000. A 7-member delegation of British MPs (Labour friends of India ) led by Chairman Barry Gardiner visited J&K and Kashmiri Pandit migrant camps.
3-6 March 2000. A 2-member Iranian social scientists visited J&K and was critical of the presence of foreign mercenaries. They stressed the need for strengthening democratic values and restoration of peace.
10-12 May 2000 Visit to Srinagar of US diplomat Donald Lu, Writ Jafry and Ms. Wilana S. Robinson to gain first hand knowledge of the situation. Interacted with APHC leaders including Geelani, Yasin Malik, Prof. Bhat, AG Lone, Umar Farooq and also with Shabir Shah.
21 May 2000. Visit to Srinagar of Sir John Robertson Young (British High Commissioner) along with his wife and First Secretary, Sarah Tiffin. He held talks with government officials, CM, M.S. Tarigami, Firdosh Ahmad Baba alias Babar Badar, MLC-NC. Significantly, the British High Commissioner termed the Chittisinghpura incident as the handiwork of Pakistan.