Internal Security Situation Showing Distinct Signs Of Improvement In J&K: MHA

Internal Security Situation Showing Distinct Signs Of Improvement In J&K: MHA

17 April 2013
The Daily Excelsior
Mohinder Verma

Jammu: Due to multi-pronged approach adopted by the Union Government in tandem with the State Government, the internal security situation has been showing distinct signs of improvement in Jammu and Kashmir. Moreover, there has been significant decline in the level of infiltration from across the border and the resultant terrorist activities in the Kashmir valley. Stating this in its annual report for 2012-13 year, the Union Ministry of Home Affairs said, “the Jammu and Kashmir has been affected by terrorist and secessionist violence, sponsored and supported from across the border for more than two decades”, adding “since advent of militancy in J&K, 13,861 civilians and 4,822 security force personnel have lost their lives up to December 31, 20123. Highlighting the declining trends of terrorist violence in Jammu and Kashmir during the past eight years, the report said that in 2005 a total of 557 civilians, 189 security forces personnel and 917 terrorists were killed in 1990 incidents while as in 2006 a total of 151 security forces personnel, 389 civilians and 591 terrorists got killed in 1667 incidents of violence. In 2007, 110 security forces personnel, 158 civilians and 472 terrorists were killed in 1092 incidents of violence. The figures again came down in 2008 when in 708 incidents of violence 75 security forces personnel, 91 civilians and 339 terrorists got killed. In 499 incidents in 2009 a total of 79 security forces personnel and 71 civilians besides 239 terrorists got killed. According to the report, 69 security forces personnel, 47 civilians and 232 terrorists were killed in 488 incidents of violence in 2010 while as in 2011 the figures further declined with 33 security forces personnel and 31 civilians losing lives in 340 incidents in which 100 terrorists got killed. During the just concluded year, 15 security forces personnel and equal number of civilians besides 72 terrorists got killed in 220 incidents. “The figures indicate that in 2012 there was a perceptible decline in the number of terrorist incidents and casualties of civilians and security forces personnel as compared to previous eight years”, the report said, adding “the year 2012 witnessed 35.29% decrease in the number of terrorist incidents and 54.54% and 51.61% decrease in civilians and security forces fatalities respectively as compared to 2011. Moreover, 72 terrorists were also neutralised during the year and the Kashmir valley was comparatively free of major law and order -civil disturbances”. Stating that there has also been continuous decline in the infiltration attempts since 2005, the report said that from 597 infiltration bids in Jammu and Kashmir in 2005 the number came down to just 249 incidents in 2012 till October. However, during calendar year 2012, infiltration attempts showed increase to 264 as compared to 247 during 2011. Attributing the significant improvement in the internal situation and decline in infiltration to the multi-pronged approach adopted by the Union Government in tandem with the State Government, the MHA said, “the cross border infiltration has been contained due to strengthening of border management, multi-tier and multi model deployment along the International Border-Line of Control and near the ever changing infiltration routes, construction of border fencing, improved technology, weapons and equipments for security forces, improved intelligence and operational coordination, and synergized intelligence flow to check infiltration and pre-emptive action against terrorists within the State. “The Government has adopted various counter terrorism strategies to neutralise the efforts and capabilities of militants to disturb peace in the State. It has also encouraged policies to mainstream the youth and discourage the local youth from joining militancy”, the report said. It is pertinent to mention here that the security situation in J&K is being monitored and reviewed by the Chief Minister in the Unified Headquarters-Command with senior representatives of the State Government, Army, Central Paramilitary Forces and other security agencies. The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) is also closely and continuously monitoring the security situation in tandem with the State Government and the Ministry of Defence. “The endeavour of the Government has been to proactively take suitable measures by all the security forces to reduce infiltration of terrorists from across the border and to identify, locate and apprehend the terrorists who may have crossed over as also their local associates”, the MHA said, adding “Government is also making continuous efforts to ensure that the democratic process is sustained and the primacy of civil administration restored to effectively tackle the socio-economic problems being faced by the people on account of the militancy in the State and to ensure sustained peace”. It has also been the endeavour of the Government to provide adequate opportunities to all sections of the society in the State to effectively represent their view points and to redress their genuine grievances. “To support the J&K Government in its initiatives, the Central Government has been helping to strengthen the State Police. The Government of India also reimburses expenditure being incurred by the State Government on a variety of security related measures. These include expenditure on carriage of Constabulary, material supplies, rent of accommodation, honorarium to Special Police Officers, Civic Action Programme, air-lift charges, raising cost of India Reserve Battalions, transport, boarding and lodging, alternate accommodation for security forces etc”, the MHA said while disclosing that since 1989 till February 28, 2012 an amount of Rs 4,187.87 crore was reimbursed under Security Related Expenditure and during the 2012-13 financial year a sum of Rs 249.95 crore was reimbursed to J&K Government under SRE till February 2013.