Jammu Leads In Literacy

Jammu Leads In Literacy

8 April 2011
Greater Kashmir
Muddasir Ali

Srinagar: Jammu division is far ahead in literacy as compared to Kashmir valley with the winter capital approaching the cent percent goal. While Kashmir division including Ladakh is ahead in population, the “drastic fall” in girl child population has send alarm bells ringing. The average literacy rate in 10 districts of Jammu division has jumped to 68.79 percent in comparison to 63.29 percent of the Valley, according to the provisional figures released by the Chief Principal Census Officer, Farooq Ahmad Faktoo, at a press conference here today. The literacy rate in least populated Ladakh province is 77.48 percent. Topping the list, Jammu has almost 84 percent literate people followed by Samba with 82.48 percent and 80.48 percent in Leh. Srinagar figures at 6th position with 71.21 percent literacy rate among 22 districts of JK. With 56.90 percent literacy rate Ramban has figured at bottom of the table followed by Bandipora with 57.82 percent and Budgam with 57.98 percent. “Some districts like Jammu and Samba are marching towards 100 percent literacy rate but situation is disturbing in many other districts especially in Kashmir,” said Faktoo, flanked by Joint Chief Principal Census Officer, CS Sapru. The results, Faktoo said, were encouraging vis-à-vis female literacy with the variable touching 58.01 percent in 2011 census in comparison to 19.56 percent in 1981 Census. Remote district of Kupwara in north Kashmir has made strides in improving the literacy rate, moving from 42 percent in 2001 to 68 per cent in 2011. As already reported by Greater Kashmir the overall literacy rate has grown from 55.5 percent in 2001 to 68.74 percent, showing a decadal growth rate of more than 13 percent. The figures were 32.68 percent in 1981. “We shall be proud of this growth,” Faktoo said. The literacy rate among males is 78.26 percent and in females 58.01 percent. In Kashmir the figures are 73.17 percent for males and 52.42 percent for females while as in Jammu the figures are 79.42 percent and 56.86 percent respectively. OVERALL POPULATION Of 1,25,48,926 provisional population totals of the state, the share of Kashmir division including Ladakh, as already reported by Greater Kashmir, is 71,98,115 souls including 69,07,623 souls from 10 districts of Kashmir Valley and 2,90,492 souls from 2-districts of Ladakh. The population of 10-districts of Jammu division is 53,50,811 souls. Faktoo thanked the state’s political leadership for extending cooperation to conduct the exercise. “I am thankful to people at large and political leadership on either side of the fence for their wholehearted cooperation in data collection,” he said. The overall share of population from Kashmir division is 57.36 percent and that from Jammu division is 42.63 percent. “Jammu and Kashmir stands at 19th position population wise among all the states in India. We will be releasing data regarding 29 variables in phased manner. From 1971 onwards the decadal population growth was 30 percent up to 2001. It has come down to almost 24 percent and it is a positive sign,” Faktoo said. However at aggregate level there has been a six percent decline in the population growth in the state (from 29.43 percent in 2001 census to 23.71 percent in 2011 census). The population figures recorded for 2001 decadal exercise were 1,01,43,700 with 53,60,926 males and 47,82,774 females. The highest growth rate was recorded in Islamabad (Anantnag) with more than 37 percent followed by Ganderbal while as the growth rate was least in newly carved Kulgam district with 7.30 percent, Faktoo said. The population figures recorded for 2001 decadal exercise were 1,01,43,700 with 53,60,926 males and 47,82,774 females. Kupwara district has the highest proportional of children aged up to six years in the country. SEX RATIO In a major concern the overall sex ratio (number of females per 1000 males) and child sex ratio (0 to 6 years of age) has fallen from 892 in 2001 to 883 during 2011 census. In other words the state has almost reverted back to 1901 when the sex ratio was 882. “We have recorded negative sex ratio in many districts of Kashmir between the age group of 0-6 years. It is a cause of concern and needs to be focused upon,” said Sapru. ”Imagine what will happen when this age group will reach fertility age,” Sapru said. In 1981 JK had child sex ratio of 963 which had fallen to 941 in 2001. Shockingly, Leh district in Ladakh region has a sex ratio of just 583, which is a massive drop of 240 points from the 2001 census. It is followed by Kargil district with a ratio of 775, down by 62 points. Kulgam and Shopian districts in south Kashmir have the highest sex ratio of 951, which is 11 points more than the national average. The two capital cities of the state – Jammu and Srinagar – have almost identical figures of 871 and 879 and both have registered improvements over the 2001 figures. “It will have serious effects on our future population and it is time that we take steps to correct it,” Joint Director Census Operations C S Sapru said. Responding to questions from media persons, census officials said the total population included the security forces and others who were present in the state during the reference period. They said those who have crossed to other side of LoC were not included in the exercise. “The figures include whoever was physically present in the territorial jurisdiction of Jammu and Kashmir during the enumeration period. The security forces posted in the state were also enumerated,” they said. The census operation was conducted in two phases, house listing, and population enumeration. At least 27,500 enumerators and supervisors were trained for conducting the operation. At least 21 lakh households, including institutional households like hostels and jails were covered in 6551 villages, 86 towns and 82 tehsils of 22 districts across the state. CENSUS 2011 TOTAL POPULATION 1,25,48,926 Kashmir division 71,98,110 (57.36%) Jammu division 53,50,816 (42.63%) Overall sex ratio 883 (-9) Child sex ratio 859 (-82) Literacy rate 68.74% (+13.24) Literacy Rate (Jammu) 68.79% Literacy Rate (Kashmir) 63.29%


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